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Kickstart (Amiga) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Kickstart is the bootstrapfirmware of the Amiga computers developed by Commodore. Most Amiga models were shipped with the Kickstart firmware stored on ROM chips. Its purpose is to initialize the Amiga hardware and core components of Amiga. OS and then attempt to boot from a bootablevolume, such as a floppy disk.
Versions. For most Amiga. OS updates the Kickstart version number was matched to the Workbench version number. Confusingly, Commodore also used internal revision numbers for Kickstart chips. For example, there were several Kickstart revisions designated as version 2. Some A1. 00. 0 software titles (notably Dragon's Lair) provided an alternative code- base in order to use the extra 2. B for data. Later Amiga models had Kickstart embedded in a ROM chip, thus improving boot times. Many Amiga 1. 00.
- Kickstart is the bootstrap firmware of the Amiga computers developed by Commodore. Most Amiga models were shipped with the Kickstart firmware stored on ROM chips.
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Kickstart was stored in 2. B ROM chips for releases prior to Amiga. OS 2. 0. Later releases used 5. B ROM chips containing additional and improved functionality. The Amiga CD3. 2 featured a 1 MB ROM (Kickstart 3. CD- ROM. Early A3. A1. 00. 0, also shipped with Kickstart on floppy disk, and used a 1.
BETA ROM as bootstrap. Either Kickstart 1.
WB. This early A3. ROM based Kickstarts and disk- based Kickstarts, although not simultaneously. An A3. 00. 0 configured to use disk- based Kickstart images had the benefit of being able to boot various versions of Amiga.
OS without additional tools, simply by selecting the appropriate Kickstart image at boot time. The Commodore CDTV featured additional firmware ROMs which are not technically part of the Amiga Kickstart. The CDTV's original firmware ROMs must be upgraded in order to install a Kickstart version later than 1. Amiga. OS 2. 1 was a pure software update and did not require matching Kickstart ROM chips. Workbench 2. 1 ran on all Kickstart ROMs of the 2. Later releases of Amiga. OS (3. 5 and 3. 9) were also software only and did not include matching ROM upgrades instead requiring Kickstart 3.
ROM- file based Kickstart components replacing those in ROM. Kickstart modules of Amiga. OS 4 are stored on the boot disk partition. Up to Kickstart v. V3. 6) only 5. 12- byte blocks were supported.
These functions are only available in Kickstart 2. It will then check for connected boot devices and attempt to boot from the one with the highest boot priority. Linux Administration Basics Pdf. If no boot device is present a screen will be displayed asking the user to insert a boot disk - typically a floppy disk. Insertion of such a bootable disk (other than workbench- like disk) will result in: a) a command line interface (. LED turning on and off each time indicates the CPU is correctly reading the CIAs. If the caps lock LED sticks on or off, the CPU is not servicing CIA interrupt requests.
Though much of the functionality required for Workbench is contained in Kickstart some disk- based components are needed to launch it. From release 2. 0 onwards it is possible to enter a boot menu by holding down both mouse buttons at power on or reset. This allows the user to choose a boot device, set parameters for backwards compatibility and examine Autoconfig hardware. With third- party software, it is possible to use an alternate Kickstart to the version stored in the embedded ROM chip. Such software allows a Kickstart version to be loaded from file into RAM - for example Kickstart 1.
Kickstart 2. 0 or later. Several third- party vendors produced hardware kickstart switchers (dual boot systems) in the form of socket doublers in order to allow two ROM chips to plug into a single motherboard socket with some mechanism to switch between them. These became popular with users who had problems with later Kickstart versions causing incompatibility with earlier software titles. An MMU- enabled Amiga is able to . This is often preferable as RAM access times are significantly faster than ROM, particularly on expanded systems. At subsequent resets the copy of Kickstart is re- used, reducing boot time and allowing faster access and execution of Kickstart functionality.
Similar shadowing functions were also developed for some devices without MMU hardware. References. Archived from the original on 2.